Wednesday, May 3, 2023

ChatGPT & language of man and woman and pragmatics context

The language of men and women can differ in various pragmatic contexts. Pragmatics is the study of how language is used in context to convey meaning, and gender can play a role in the way language is used and interpreted.

For example, in the context of a business meeting, men may use more assertive language and speak more often, while women may use more collaborative language and be interrupted more frequently. This can lead to gender imbalances in communication and decision-making.

In another context, such as a social gathering, men and women may use different language styles to convey their social roles and identities. Women may use more expressive language and focus on building social connections, while men may use more assertive language to assert their dominance or status.

Thursday, April 27, 2023

ChatGPT & What is Pragmatics?

 Question:  What is pragmatics?

Pragmatics is a subfield of linguistics that studies how people use language in context beyond the literal meaning of words and sentences. It explores how speakers use language to convey meaning, make requests, give commands, express emotions, make suggestions, and negotiate social interactions.

Pragmatics considers the effects of context, background knowledge, and social norms on language use. It examines how speakers use language to achieve their goals and how listeners interpret and respond to language in different social and cultural contexts.

The latest publication of JoPR Vol 5, No 1 April (2023)


Dear All, This is the latest publication of Vol 5, No 1 April (2023) 

Journal of Pragmatics Research, UIN Salatiga

Sunday, April 16, 2023

Politeness and Impoliteness Strategies in Lecturer-Student Communication Within Cyberpragmatics Chats

 Faizal Risdianto, Universitas Islam Negeri Salatiga

Machfudz Machfudz, Universitas Islam Negeri Salatiga

Eka Margianti Sagimin, Universitas Pamulang

Hanafi Hanafi, Universitas Andalas

Jumanto Jumanto, Universitas Dian Nuswantoro, Semarang, Indonesia


This qualitative research on Cyberpragmatics attempts to explore the application of politeness and impoliteness principles in student-lecturer internet-mediated communication in English and Indonesian languages at two faculties of Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Salatiga. The native speakers' perceptions of those strategies and principles as applied in the online chatroom were also elicited to confirm the descriptive analysis of the utterances. Pragmatic data were taken, categorized, and selected from Whatsapp conversation and email correspondence screenshots between lecturers and students in eight (8) online English Language classes and six (6) classes on Ushul Fiqh subjects at Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Salatiga. Additionally, as demonstrated in the screenshots, an online questionnaire was used to elicit data on students' and lecturers' perspectives on the cyberpragmatic activities. The descriptive analysis shows that the students considered the principles of politeness as a prominent aspect for their communicative actions and managed to appropriately applied it in their cyberpragmatic activities. Additional pragmatic features of religious expressions were also used to amplify the politeness effect. Nevertheless, there were some cases where impoliteness principles were used by the students, regardless of their awareness of their pragmatic consequences. The acceptability judgement questionnaire confirmed the level of politeness and impoliteness strategies previously described. Consequently, future research may benefit from this study by exploring other aspects of cyberpragmatics such as ethnicity, gender, and other socio-political aspects, from interdisciplinary perspectives.

Keywords: (im)politeness, student-lecturer communication, computer-mediated communication, Cyberpragmatics, chats


Wednesday, March 29, 2023

The Norm Establishment in WhatsApp Group Conversations

 The Norm Establishment in WhatsApp Group Conversations

Norwanto Norwanto, Faizal Risdianto


This linguistics study aims to observe the development of norms in WhatsApp Groups (WAGs). Over the years, linguists have devoted their time to theorizing norms of im/politeness evaluations and linguistic interactions in computer-mediated communication (CMC). However, the norms of virtual interactions have not gained adequate attention. This study systematically documented and examined the conversations of 539 members of three WAGs to describe the norms of virtual group communication. The data obtained were enhanced through anecdotal evidence of the experiences acquired in joining other WAGs. The data indicated four sources of WAGs norms: the aims of creating the group, framing unmarked behaviors, and framing positive or negative evaluations of members' utterances or actions. The members' alignments toward non-virtual individual and social norms also significantly affect their negotiating WAG norms. In the stages of the norming process, WAGs tend to experience conflicts due to interpersonal differences. These disputes are likely to disrupt the group's performance or predispose some members. Theoretically, group development is comprised of formation, conflicts, norming, and performance. Depending on the homogeneity or heterogeneity of the member's background, WAGs do not necessarily experience conflicts in the norming process. However, some of them tend to leap the stages from formation to performance.


im/politeness evaluations; norms; virtual communication; WhatsApp Group conversations